Future of Bioethanol
New means of production are being studied, and probably deserve the title far more organic
. The main advantage of these alternatives is the non-competition with food crops. This page gives examples of possible alternatives, this list is far from exhaustive
These alternatives are mostly intended to get fuel through the cellulose. Cellulose is the most common macromolecule on earth, one can easily imagine the possibilities that we can hope. Currently Canadian companies, U.S. and two Swedish universities are trying the industrial production of cellulosic ethanol.
The use of termites
Termites are capable of transforming wood waste into sugar efficiently and economically, an original and fast moving production to cellulose.
The use of algae
The use of algae would avoid deforestation and competition with food-oriented fields. All with higher yields and therefore lower costs, perhaps the best alternative to date.
A German dairy group plans to launch production of bioethanol from waste milk.
Use of high yielding plants
Researchers highlight plants with interesting characteristics, such as Jatropha curcas is a shrub that produces 1892 liters of oil per hecar each year, Pongamia pinnata, which also produces oil and can grow in most areas unfit to other cultures like the Madhuca longifolia, Moringa oleifera or Cleome viscosa.